one of the most important minerals for our body is iron, and that its basic functions highlights its participation in the synthesis of hemoglobin and myoglobin, two proteins that help transport oxygen to all body cells, including muscle. Acts as a cofactor of several enzymes involved in various metabolic reactions, helps prevent infection and provides endurance.
What happens if there is iron deficiency
chronic iron deficiency is believed to be the most prevalent nutritional deficiency worldwide, affecting more than one quarter of the world’s population and although the total anemia rarely occurs, partial deficiency is widely disseminated? If the diet does not provide enough iron-deficiency anemia may seem, fatigue, headache, insomnia, pale skin, hair, stretch marks on the nails, less resistance to infection and reduction of cognitive functions.
From a cultural standpoint, and depending on the biological origin of the food, the contemporary human diets can be:
- Vegetarian diet: when you do not eat meat. The grounds on which follows a vegetarian diet may be economic, religious, ideological, ethical, ecological and health. There are different types of vegetarianism. Among them, as they do not consume any product from an animal, and that only avoids meat.
- omnivorous diet: When you eat food of animal and vegetable. It is the most common type of diet in humans.
- carnivorous diet, if food of animal origin are predominant. It is rare in humans.
Other types of diets from the cultural point of view are the Western diet, the Mediterranean diet, the Asian diet, and so on.
From a nutritional standpoint, the current human diets may include:
- basal diet or basic diets: are diets in which no changes are made as to its composition, nutrient or energy. These are diets that are healthy people.
- therapeutic diets: are diets in which alters the composition of nutrients or energy when there is a disease or pathological condition.
These diets are subdivided into
- energy-modified diets: normally takes place a restriction on the amount of energy supplied in the diet (low calorie diets). These are diets that are used in situations of overweight and obesity.
- modified protein diets: They can provide more protein than recommended for healthy people (high protein diet), being indicated in cases of malnutrition (low weight, anorexia, etc..), or provide less quantity (hypoproteic diets) for a certain kidney diseases. A special type of these diets is gluten-free diet, celiac disease specific.
- modified-carbohydrate diets: When you restrict carbohydrates, it creates a lack of ketosis, such as ketogenic diets. They are identified in certain cases of epilepsy or morbid obesity. In other cases include foods depending on the type of carbohydrate, so as to obtain low glycemic index diets.
- modified diets high in dietary fiber: can be high in fiber content (high fiber diet), indicated in cases where there is reduced intestinal motility, or may be low in fiber (diets without waste), identified for situations prior to surgery or a screening test.
- modified diets of mineral elements: in the event that significantly reduce the amount contributed sodium (common salt either by killing or by providing low-sodium foods) it is low salt diet. It is prescribed in some kidney diseases and certain heart diseases (hypertension).