The Functions and Deficiency Impact of Vitamin B
Vitamin B1, or thiamine, is a water-soluble compound that acts as a coenzyme involved in obtaining energy from glucose.
Functions: It is needed to process carbohydrates, fats and proteins. Plays an important role in the functioning of the nervous system since neurons need vitamin B1 to function normally. On the other hand, thiamine also helps maintain the proper functioning of muscles and heart.
Sources: Vitamin B1 is widely distributed in a number of foods. Some of them are egg yolks, meat (especially pork), vegetables, fish, nuts and dairy products.
Fresh Soy is one of the richest food in thiamin, although the most important dietary source of this vitamin in the diet are whole grains.
Deficiency: thiamine deficiency is associated with several disorders such as loss of appetite, weakness, low mood, and most pronounced cases, depression, numbness of extremities, mental confusion, and tachycardia. All these events are symptoms of a disease called beriberi, caused by deficiency of vitamin B1 in the diet.
VITAMIN B2 – This water-soluble vitamin also known as riboflavin, is involved in enzymatic processes related to cellular respiration in tissue oxidation and fatty acid synthesis. Features: · spoke in transforming food into energy, vitamin is essential for the production of thyroid enzymes involved in this process. Helps maintain good eye health. Keep the good state of nervous system cells. · Is involved in the regeneration of body tissues (skin, hair, nails)·
It produces red blood cells with other B complex vitamins, and in conjunction with niacin and pyridoxine keeps the immune system in perfect condition.
Accessories antioxidant activity of vitamin E Sources: The amount of vitamin B2 in most foods is so small it is difficult to obtain the amount needed without resorting to supplements.
Natural sources of vitamin B2 include the liver, tongue, milk, yoghurt, eggs, asparagus, cheese, and brewer’s yeast.
Deficiency: The most common symptoms of a lack of vitamin B2 are cracks and sores at the corners of the mouth; be red and sensitive language, the feeling of grit on the inside of the eyelids, ocular fatigue, dilated pupils, changes in the corneas, light sensitivity, lesions in the mouth, tremors, slowness, dizziness, edema , problems urinating, vaginal itching, oily skin, alopecia. Vitamin B2 deficiency can also cause some types of cataracts.
Experimental studies have found that some cancers may be related to a deficiency of vitamin B2. Riboflavin deficiency causes a lack of vigor, stunted growth, digestive disorders, problems with breastfeeding. Weight loss and hair are also common results of this gap. People with low weight, which always have the feeling of being stressed and depressed may need more riboflavin.
By: Ivon Rodriguez De La Cruz